Show MoreSeptember 2, 1945, the two most powerful nations in the world broke into a war of pride and power, known as the Cold War. The Soviet Union and the United States battled fiercely for a reputation that would be venerated for ages to come. Aggressively, these two nations pushed to be the greatest in the world through politics, weapons, and science. These actions and attitudes significantly promoted the need for space exploration, and soon fueled a pursuit that altered history forever. The space race had many motivations and many things that kept the competition going. One of the main motivations was for military security. To have power in the world these countries needed to have missiles and rockets that could go higher, faster, and…show more content…
These in turn would become sources for social and economic benefits for the country. Although the political side of the space race wanted economic benefits, the most important motivation for this race would be the national prestige. If they were establish dominance in space the world would fear and respect you. You would lead the world in technology, science, communications, and economics. Not only would you lead in those but also you would have many accomplishments and new discoveries. The USSR and the US was developing rockets for some time before the Cold War and sought to use the rocket technology to reach outer space before their rival did. However the Soviets began the race with a huge lead. The first launch of a satellite, Sputnik I, was on October 4, 1957. The satellite weighed 184 pounds, and was 22.5 inches round, in the form of a sphere. Passing by the US every 96 minutes, its stroke fear into the minds of the wondering citizens below it. These satellites were soon modified to: photography of Earth, unlimited lifetime, and operational periods, and orbiting in highly elliptical areas of Earth . This artificial terror, built by the Soviet Union, became the motivational boost the Soviets needed to stay ahead of the US in the space race. Quickly, the CIA was trying to get reports from agents in the Soviet Union. They did one report from an agent in August 1959 saying,
The Space Race Essay
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The Space Race was a competition between the Soviet Union and the United States for supremacy in space. From 1955 until 1975, both sides battled it out to be the leader in the competition. Fueled by the Cold War and other causes of the beginning of the race, the Soviet Union and the United States fought for authority in a very public manner through the media. There were many achievements at this time and it led the way for many great things to come afterwards.
The origins of the Space Race can be found in Germany in the 1930s. During World War II, Nazi Germany was researching and building operational ballistic missiles and experimenting with liquid-fueled rockets. As early as 1942 and 1943, the rocket Aggregate-4 became the first vehicle…show more content…
Here, Korolev reverse engineered the A-4 and built his own version, the R-1 in 1948. While this was going on in the Soviet Union, the United States sent von Braun and his team to the United States Army’s White Sands Proving Ground in New Mexico in 1945. Here, they assembled captured V-2s and launched them. In 1950, they were moved to the Army’s Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama where the Army’s first operational medium-range ballistic missile, the Redstone Rocket, was developed. Because of the threat of the nuclear weapons and communism, the Cold War developed after World War II between the Soviet Union and the United States. This led to the expressed conflict through military coalitions, strategic conventional force deployments, extensive aid to the states deemed vulnerable, proxy wars, espionage, propaganda, a nuclear arms race, and economical and technological competitions, such as the Space Race.
In 1955 both the Soviet Union and the United States were building ballistic missiles that could be used to launch objects into space. This became the starting line for the race into space. Four days apart in unrelated announcements, both the Soviets and the Americans announced their plans to launch artificial Earth satellite by 1957 or 1958. On 29 July 1955, James C. Hagerty, President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s press secretary,