English In Pakistan Essay

Essay on Importance of English in Pakistan is the popular topic in the school function so here for what you are looking for. English is one of the most common and highly spoken languages of the world and at the same time is considered to be the official language of the world including Pakistan. Although the national language of Pakistan is Urdu but still English is very much significant and carries immense weightage and importance in Pakistan. In the modern and advanced countries English is being frequently used as the most common and highly opted mode of communication and that is why it is very much important for the people of Pakistan to get good grip over this language so that the communication barrier which is being present between the developed countries and Pakistan can be overcome and this language can play the vital role in becoming the liaison which will contribute in the development of Pakistan.

The education all over the world is being mainly conducted in the English language and in the countries like USA and UK which are considered to be one of the most developed countries of the world also have English as the official language so if Pakistan has the intention of walking side by side to such advanced countries they will have to enhance their expertise in the English language so that they can best utilize this opportunity. The urgency and need of developing the willingness of having the good grip over the English language can be determined through the focus of the educational boards in Pakistan which are heavily emphasizing on the English medium education imparted on all the government and private sectors.  The educational institutions have realized the need and the importance of the English language and for this very purpose they have inculcated the mode of education in the English language so that the children can have good firm basis regarding this language from the initial stage of their life.

English is very much necessary for the people of Pakistan, it is not just for their personal grooming but at the same time it is one of their most crucial and critical need for the development and growth. If Pakistan is interested in getting in to the trade with the western countries for advanced technology, mechanics, information technology and other aspects they need to first get to know the language in which the dealing and negotiation will take place because if the communication barrier is not removed than no advancement and no advantage will be taken from all such dealings and negotiations and at the same time it is also being assumed as the shame for the national people if the officials and the representations of the state are unable to communicate on any international media with any international personality and feels hesitant in using this language. Ornamental approach towards the acquiring of the English language should be adopted as it is one of the national issues faced by the people of Pakistan.

Out of the wide spectr­um of proble­ms relate­d to educat­ion in Pakist­an, the langua­ge issue persis­ts unabat­ed.

The writer is a freelance journalist based in the US

Out of the wide spectrum of problems related to education in Pakistan, the language issue persists unabated with a continuous tussle over the medium of instruction and the national language. Globally, the multifaceted development of the English language is unmatched. Statistics show that 1.5 billion people were competent and/or fluent in English in the early 2000s.

Considering this, the official status of English in Pakistan requires serious modifications. According to Section 251 of the Constitution of Pakistan: 1) The National language of Pakistan is Urdu; 2) The English language may be used for official purposes until arrangements are made for its replacement with Urdu; and 3) A Provincial Assembly may by law prescribe measures for the teaching, promotion and use of a Provincial language in addition to the National language.

Despite English being constitutionally trivialised, Urdu is still not the ‘official’ language nor has it entirely replaced English. This has crippled the country’s education system, polarising students according to English language capability. The non-adherence to constitutional rules by private educators has created a severe backlash for government-run schools. Dr Tariq Rahman writes, “The civil bureaucracy and the armed forces … invested heavily in creating an English-medium system of instruction for the elite contrary to the declared policies of the state of Pakistan”. The private and elite schools’ emphasis on English gives their students a far greater competency in the language. Consequently, these students have the edge when it comes to pursuing higher education. Simply, this English-Urdu clause of the Constitution is nothing short of a severely discriminatory rule that divides the population into ‘educated’ and ‘uneducated’ masses. Unarguably, proficiency in English is among the outstanding status symbols in our society.

Students who are poor in conversational and written English are poor teachers if they choose the profession. With chances of them being hired by an elite/private school system practically nil, they end up teaching in the very schools of which they are the product. So continues the lame cycle for dearth of better textbooks and curricula, teachers poorly versed in the language and/or lack of modern, teaching methods. The English syllabus at the national or ‘official’ level doggedly designed as per the Constitution adamantly gives precedence to Urdu. As a result, bachelor’s degree holders are unable to converse or write an essay in English demonstrative of a quality education.

Though the standard of English at the master’s level takes a phenomenal leap ahead, the students who come this far are incompetent at handling the highly elaborate course of studies in the language at this level. The proof is the continually declining results of the external candidates taking this exam over the past few years. In MA English Previous 2010 and 2011, the pass percentages were 2.35 and 1.16, respectively. In MA Final 2010 and 2011, the pass percentages were 14.28 and 13.33, respectively. This situation reflects poorly on the university and upon the qualifications of teachers.

Though the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan (HEC) is doing its job of formulating policies quite satisfactorily, things start to go awry when it comes to implementation. There is a missed connection between the constitutionally defined status of English and the HEC definition. HEC policies regarding English at the BS/BA and MS/MPhil levels with reference to reading, listening and speaking skills include: 1) To develop the ability to communicate effectively; 2) To understand and use English to express ideas and opinions related to students real life experiences inside and outside the classroom; 3) Write organised academic texts including examination answers with topics/thesis statements and supporting details; 4) Write argumentative essays and course assignments

Evidently, none of these goals is being met since the total proportion of the population that speaks English is determined to be about three to four per cent — a number startling enough to propel us into making a realistic assessment of where the state of the English language is really going in the country.

Published in The Express Tribune, January 3rd, 2013.

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