English Essay About Deepavali Festival Day

Diwali is a religious Hindu festival, celebrated as festival of lights by lighting lamps everywhere on the homes, streets, shops, temples, markets, etc.

Essay on Diwali

People of Hindu religion wait very eagerly for this special festival of Diwali. It is the most important and favorite festival of everyone especially for kids and children of the home. Use following essay on Diwali to make your kids smart enough at home or school and motivate them to know the history and significance of celebrating Diwali festival every year. You can select anyone of these Diwali essay according to your need:

Diwali Essay – 1 (200 Words)

Diwali is the most significant and famous festival of the India which is being celebrated every year all over the country as well as outside the country. People celebrate it very enthusiastically to commemorate the returning of Lord Rama to his kingdom, Ayodhya after a long period of time of 14 years of exile after defeating the Ravana.

 

On the returning day of Lord Rama, people of Ayodhya had illuminated their homes and pathways to welcome their Lord with the great enthusiasm. It is a sacred Hindu festival which symbolizes the triumph of goodness over badness. It is also celebrated by the Sikhs to commemorate the release of their 6th Guru, Sri Hargobind Ji, from the Gwalior jail by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir.

Markets are decorated with lights just like a bride to give it a marvelous festive look. At this day market is full of big rush specially the sweet shops. Kids get new clothes, fire crackers, sweets, gifts, candles and toys from the market. People clean and whitewash their houses and decorate with electric lights some days earlier to the festival.


 

Diwali Essay – 2 (250 Words)

India is the great country known as the land of festivals. One of the famous and most celebrated festival is Diwali or Deepawali which falls every year 20 days after the festival of Dussehra in the month of October or November. It is celebrated to commemorate the returning of Lord Rama to the Kingdom after the 14 years of exile. People of Ayodhya shown their their joy and happiness by lighting the lamps in the whole kingdom and firing crackers.

Diwali is known as the festival of lights or row of lights which is the symbol of coming of Lakshmi to the home and victory of truth over the evil. At this day Lord Rama had killed the demon king of Lanka, Ravan in order to save the earth from the bad activities. People do whitewash and clean up of their houses, offices, and shops to welcome the Lakshmi. They decorate their houses, lighting lamps and firing crackers.

It is common beliefs of people that buying new things at this day would bring home the Lakshmi. People buy gifts, clothes, sweets, decorative things, fire crackers and diyas. Kids buy toys, sweets and crackers from the market. In the evening, Lakshmi puja is held by the people at their home by lighting lamps. People take bath, wear new clothes and then start puja. After puja they distribute prasad and share gifts to each other. They pray to God for the happy and prosperous life. And in the last they enjoy burning fire crackers and playing games.


 

Diwali Essay – 3 (300 Words)

Diwali is the most important and significant festival for the people of Hindu religion. It has many rituals, traditional and cultural beliefs of celebrating it. It is celebrated all over the country as well as outside the country with great enthusiasm. This festival is associated with many stories and legends. One of the great legends behind celebrating it is the victory of Lord Rama over the demon king Ravana. That’s why Diwali is celebrated as a symbol of victory of goodness over the badness.

People celebrate it by getting together with their relatives as well as nearest and dearest ones. They celebrate it by sharing gifts, sweets, greetings and best wishes for Diwali. They enjoy a lot of activities, playing games, firing crackers, puja and many more. People purchase new clothes for all the family members according to their own capability. Kids enjoy this festival by wearing glittering and blazing clothes.

People enlighten their home and pathways with the clay diyas to remove the single bit of the darkness and to welcome the Goddess Lakshmi. People indulge in playing games, eating a variety of dishes at home and many more activities. Government offices are also involved in getting clean up and decorated. Everywhere looks enchanting and enthralling because of the cleaning, white washing of walls, decoration and lighting with diyas or candle.

In the evening, after the sunset men and women perform puja of the Goddess of wealth, Lakshmi and God of wisdom, Ganesh. It is believed that clean up, decoration, lighting diyas are very necessary at this day as Goddess Lakshmi come to visit the houses of everyone. It is celebrated all over the India as a symbolization of the unity.

Diwali Essay – 4 (350 Words)

Diwali is the most important annual festival for Hindus which falls during the month of October or November. There is a lot of religious and cultural beliefs behind celebrating this festival. The great cultural belief behind celebrating it, is to commemorate the returning of Lord Rama to his home after 14 years of exile after defeating the demon king, Ravana. It is also celebrated as the symbol of coming of the winter season after the rainy season. It indicates the starting of new annual account for the businessmen.

During this festival, people visit their relatives and friends in order to share gifts and say them good wishes for Diwali. People distribute the gift packets such as sweets, dry fruit packets, gift hampers, cakes and many other things. People offer puja to the Goddess Lakshmi to get more blessings for the bright future and prosperity.

Lamps are lighted everywhere to remove the evil from home and welcome the God and Goddess. People get busy in the activities of Diwali (such as purchasing, clean up, whitewash and other religious activities) almost a month before from the real date of festival. It looks bright and dazzling everywhere because of the lighting lamps and candles.

Children are very keen to celebrate it and show their interest by involving in all the activities related to the Diwali. They learn many stories, making rangolis, playing games from their teachers in the school. Many events on Diwali takes place in the schools by the kids two weeks before the main date of Diwali. Teachers familiarize the students about how to use crackers and fireworks, how to do puja, legends of Diwali and many more things.

Diwali festival includes five days long celebration which are celebrated with joy and delight. The first day of Diwali is known as the Dhanteras, second day is Naraka Chaturdashi or Chhoti Diwali, third day is Main Diwali or Lakshmi puja, fourth day is Govardhan puja and fifth day is Bhaiya Dooj. Each of the five days of Diwali celebration has its own religious and cultural beliefs.


 

Diwali Essay – 5 (400 Words)

India is the most festival celebrating country every year, where people of all the religions celebrate their different festivals according to their own culture and tradition. Diwali is one of the most celebrated, important, traditional and cultural festivals of India for the people of Hindu religion which they celebrate very enthusiastically every year by gathering together with relatives, family, friends and neighbors. It is also known as festival of lights or Deepawali.

It is the festival of great joy and enthusiasm which falls every year in the month of October or November. The coming of diwali festival brings a lot of story and legends which every kids must know. One of the great reason behind celebrating the Diwali festival is the returning of Lord Rama to his Kingdom, Ayodhya, after getting a big victory over the demon king Ravana of the Lanka. Diwali is celebrated every year to symbolize and remember this history by the people as a victory of truth ever over the evil. People of Ayodhya had welcomed the returning their most loved King Lord Rama to their own Kingdom after the long period of time, 14 years of exile, with their wife Sita and younger brother Lakshman. People of Ayodhya had expressed their love and affection towards their King by their heartily welcome. They had enlightened their home including whole kingdom and burned fire crackers to welcome the Lord Rama.

They had prepared a lot delicious recipes to offer their Lord, everyone was happy and greeted to each other. Children were also happy, they run from here and there to show their happiness.

People worship the Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesh after the sunset according to the Hindu calender. They prayer to the God and Goddess to get more blessings, health, wealth and bright future. They cook delicious dishes of foods and sweets all the five days of the Diwali festival. People play a variety of games such as dice, card games and various other at this day. They come close to the good activities and throw away bad habits to get the real victory over the evil power.

They believe that doing so would bring a lot of happiness, prosperity, wealth and progress in their life. They send messages, good wishes and gifts to their friends, relatives and neighbors.

Diwali Essay – 6 (450 Words)

Diwali festival is well known as the festival of lights which brings a lot of beliefs and culture to celebrate it. It has many importance and significance for people of Jain, Hindu and Sikh religions. It is the five days celebration which falls every year 21 days after Dusshera. It has great cultural belief of celebrating behind. It is the returning day of the Lord Rama to his kingdom, Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. People of Ayodhya had welcomed their King Rama by enlightening lamps everywhere and burning fire crackers.

People clean up and white wash their houses, offices and working places at Diwali festival. People belief that lighting lamps everywhere and opening all the doors and windows of the home or offices makes the way of Goddess Lakshmi to come to the houses to visit and give blessings, wealth and prosperity. People make rangolis and decorate their houses to welcome their relatives and guests.

People wear new clothes, eat delicious foods, sweets, burn crackers and share gifts to each other. The five days celebrations of Diwali festival includes:

First day is known as Dhanteras or Dhantrayodashi which is celebrated by worshiping the Goddess Lakshmi. People sing aarti, devotional songs and mantras to make happy the Goddess.

Second day is known as the Naraka Chaturdashi or Chhoti Diwali which is celebrated by worshiping Lord Krishna as he had killed the demon king Narkasur. It has religious belief of taking bath with oil in the early morning and worshiping Goddess Kali by applying Kumkum on the forehead.

Third day is known as main Diwali day which is celebrated by worshiping Goddess Lakshmi, distributing sweets and gifts among relatives, friends, neighbors and burning fire crackers in the evening.

Fourth day is known as Govardhan puja by worshiping Lord Krishna. People make Govardhan of cow dung at their doorstep and worship. It is considered that Lord Krishna had lifted the Govardhan Parvat at his little finger to save the life people from Gokul from the unnatural rain by the God of rain, Indra.

Fifth day is known as Yama Dwitiya or Bhaiya Dooj which is celebrated by brothers and sisters. Sisters invite their brothers to celebrate the festival of Bhai Dooj at their home.

The burning of fire crackers takes place in the night after Puja of Goddess Lakshmi. AT this day people exclude their bad habits and include good habits to get blessings for the whole year. At some places in India the day of Diwali is the start of new year. Businessmen starts their new accounts books at this day.

Diwali is the most favorite festival for all as it brings a lot of blessings and happiness. It indicates the victory of God over the evil power as well as start of new season. Because of the many reasons people celebrate it heartily with lots of preparations.


 

Diwali Essay 7 (1000 words)

Diwali is the most significant Hindu festival celebrated all over the India in the autumn season every year. The spiritual significance of this festival indicates the victory of light over darkness. It is a five days long festival celebrated by the people with huge preparations and rituals. It falls every year in the month of October or November. Many days ago of the festival, people start cleaning, renovating and decorating their homes and offices. They purchase new dresses, decorative things like diyas, lamps, candles, puja materials, statue of God and Goddess and eating things especially for Diwali.

People do worship of God Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi for getting wealth and prosperity in their life. They perform puja on main Diwali with lots of rituals. After puja, they get involved in the fireworks activities and then distribute gifts to each other among neighbors, family members, friends, offices, etc. People celebrate Dhanteras on first day, Naraka Chaturdasi on second day, Diwali on third day, Diwali Padva on fourth day, and Bhai Dooj on fifth day of the festival. It becomes official holiday in many countries on the day of festival.

Celebration of Diwali with Family without Crackers

Diwali is my favorite festival of the year and I celebrate it with lots of enthusiasm with my family members and friends. Diwali is called as the festival of lights because we celebrate it by lighting lots of diyas and candles. It is a traditional and cultural festival celebrated by each and every Hindu person all over India and abroad. People decorate their houses with lots of candles and small clay oil lamps indicating the victory of good over evil. Family members spend their most of the day time in preparing house (cleaning, decorating, etc) to welcome the festival with grand evening party. Neighbors, family members, and friends gets collected in the evening party and enjoy the party with lots of delicious Indian dishes, dance, music, etc all through the night. Houses look very attractive in white wash, candle lights and rangolis. High pitch music and fireworks makes the celebration more interesting.

People go to their home by taking off from their job, offices and other works; students also book their train around three months ago to easily go to their home on Diwali festival because everyone wants to celebrate this festival with their family members in the home town. People generally enjoy the festival by feasting, bursting crackers and enjoying the dance with family and friends. However, it is prohibited by the doctors to got outside and enjoy firecrackers especially people suffering from lung or heart diseases, hypertension, diabetes, etc. Such people have to knock the doctor’s door because of consuming highly saturated food and sweets in high amount and lack of exercises and pollution caused by crackers in these days.

Significance of Diwali

Diwali festival is celebrated by the people with great revelry and lots of fun and frolic activities. It becomes the happiest holiday for Indian people in the year and celebrated with significant preparations. It is the festival of high significance for Indian people during which people clean their homes, decorate, do shopping, buy new things including gifts, kitchen utensils, appliances, cars, golden jewelry, etc and perform so many rituals. There are many ancient stories, legends, and myths about celebrating this festival. Girls and women of the home do shopping and make rangolis in creative patterns on the floors near to the doors and walkways of home. There are little variations in the celebration of this festival according to the regional practices and rituals.

The spiritual significance of this festival symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and victory of good over evil. It is celebrated to honor the Goddess of wealth, Lakshmi and God of wisdom, Ganesha. Its religious significance varies according to the region all through the country. Somewhere, it is celebrated to honor the returning of Rama, Sita and Lakshmana to their home after long exile period of 14 years (according to Hindu epic Ramayana). Some people celebrate it to remember the return of Pandavas to their kingdom after 12 years of Vanvas and one year of agyatavas (according to Hindu epic Mahabharata). It is also believed that it was started celebrating when Goddess Lakshmi was born after churning the ocean by the gods and demons. Diwali celebration also indicates the start of a new Hindu year in the west and some northern parts of India. It is celebrated by the people of Sikh religion to mark the Bandi Chhor Divas by lighting up the Golden Temple. It is celebrated by the people of Jain religion to mark the Nirvana attained by the Mahavira.

Pollution on Diwali

Together with the Diwali celebration, there is indirect increase in the environmental pollution all over the world because of the bursting of various types of firecrackers during this festival. Such firecrackers are very dangerous as they release toxic pollutants like sulphur dioxide, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and so many etc which gets intermingled into the air and causes variety of ailments like asthma, bronchitis, hypertension, etc. It affects the people of all age group however those people who already suffer any type of ailment. Together with the human beings, it also affects the lives of animals, birds and other living beings due to air and noise pollution.

However, now-a-days, there is a campaign run by the government to celebrate pollution free Diwali all over the country. Schools and various organizations also organizes various demonstrations prior to the celebration to educate and aware students for pollution-free festival. Environment and pollution departments also do many efforts by publishing pollution free news in the various newspapers to aware people and curb noise and air pollution because of firecrackers. Bursting sound-emitting firecrackers has been banned by the Supreme Court especially during 10pm to 6am.

Air and water pollution is also caused by the decay of remnants of fireworks and deluge of garbage like empty bottles, papers used to light off rockets, gift wrappers, dried flowers, etc at the nook and corners of the city. We all should practice celebrating the pollution free Diwali every year in order to save and enjoy the natural beauty of environment forever.

 

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Diwali in Mauritius

Diwali is celebrated in honor of Goddess Lakshmi. In Mauritius, we celebrate Diwali with honor great devotion. We cook sweets like kanawla, gateau patate, tekwa, gulap jamoun and many other delicacies. At 6 pm we illuminate the house with candles and diyas. We pray, offer flowers, sweet and agarbathi. We also invite family and friends to add more joy to Diwali celebrations. Diwali is a great festival to Mauritians!!

Leena Charitar in Vacoas, MauritiusPollution-Free Diwali

I remember when I was in class 1, I wrote an essay on Diwali. I scribbled ‘Diwali is a festival of lights; people decorate their homes and exchange greetings……’ Well, Is it actually bringing light and happiness around? is it actually sending positive vibes and blessings for happy and long life for the people around us?? If we are honest the answer is ‘No’. For most of us Diwali is just a synonym to a night full of crackers, noise and smoke. All this is an amalgamation of gloom, darkness, despair, health problems, environment degradation and murk. We scare the birds to death, shorten the lives of children who are engaged in cracker factories, trouble the heart and hospitalized patients, burn thousand of rupees to ashes in the name of ceremonies. Do we have to pay such a heavy cost to buy a smile for ourselves? It is nothing but a sadistic pleasure to have moments of joy in exchange of mass havoc. After all Goddess Lakshmi does not want us to dispel the darkness of amavasya in this way. Let us enjoy Diwali in its purest form by lighting lamps, offering prayers and by making this world a better place for you and for me and for the entire universe. Happy Diwali.

Tanya DograDeepavali - The Brightest Festival

Diwali, popularly called Deepavali in some parts of India, is a festival which we all long for every year. The preparations for Deepavali start long before the festival date.

First, the excitement for us would be the new dresses that are bought to be worn for Deepavali. Since Deepavali is a festival for more than 2 days, we have 2 or 3 new dresses. Apart from this all elders visiting us buy us sweets and dresses also. Jeans, T shirts, Trousers and shirts were all bought for me by my parents.

The other major excitement for Deepavali is the bursting of crackers and fireworks. This year we burst lot of crackers. Earlier I used to be afraid of crackers. Now I have got over the fear of bursting crackers. My parents tell me that I have to be very careful while bursting. I followed their advice and there was no fire accident also. Sparklers, Rockets, Ground Chakkars and Flower pots were our favorites besides the Thousand thousand sparks bomb.

The third rejoicing aspect of Deepavali is the eating of sweets. We visit relatives and friends with sweets and snacks. They also visit us with sweets and snacks. We seek their blessings on the festival day. Gulab jamun, Laddoos, Halwas and Kaju cakes were my favorites.

My grandmother tells me that the victory of Good over Evil is the reason for this celebration. She also says that the festival is to mark the return of Rama to Ayodhya after his defeat of Ravana.

Lots of people also start new ventures on this day after performing Lakshmi Puja. This is marked by lighting of lamps, candles and diyas by the women folk in the family. The light and colour add to the celebrations.

In all, I can say that Deepavali is the brightest festival to be celebrated in India. The delicious food associated with the feast makes us feel that this festival must come more often in a year.

A.SeetharamDiwali - A Five-Day-Long Festival

Diwali is the festival of lights which falls in the month of 'Ashwin' according to Hindu calendar. 'Deepawali' in Hindi means a row of diyas. Almost every house and street is decorated with lamps, and lights on the day of Diwali.

Diwali is a five day festival in India. Dhanteras is the first day of Diwali. On this day people buy jewellery, silver and gold coins. On the second day, Roop Chaudas people bath with uptan. On the third and the main Diwali day idols of Ganesha and Lakshmi are worshiped (Lakshmi Puja). On this day Kali Puja performed in Bengal. Skies are full of blooms of crackers. The night of amavasya is transformed into Purnima by glory of diyas. Fourth day is celebrated as new year according to Hindu calander. Bhaiya dhuj which is celebrated on fifth day glorifies love between a brother and a sister. On the day of Diwali, Lord Ram returned to Ayodhya after exile of 14 years. People of Ayodhya welcomed him by lighting diyas. Let us all pledge to make our country prosperous and let us come forward to establish Ramrajya in India...

"Sabh mil mangal gao re,
Sabh mil deep jalao re,
Avadh me Ram aaye hai...!"

Saurabh KhemkaCelebrate Diwali!

Diwali is the most popular festival of North India. It is celebrated when Lord Ram, Sita and Lakshman returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile. People of Ayodhya welcomed them with lighted oil lamps. That is why it is called the 'Festival of Lights. Every year on the day of Diwali we celebrate and pay respect to the Goddess Lakshmi. People also make mud houses in which they keep the Goddess of Wealth and pray. Few days before Diwali we go to buy crackers such as rockets, bombs, flower pots and sparklers etc.

We start our Diwali evening by praying. Next we decorate our house with candles, thanking God for all he has given us. It looks beautiful when the oil lamps twinkle together in all the houses. Then late at night we get together and light the crackers. There is a lot of noise and air pollution. Then we have a small party where we eat and enjoy.

Udita BiswasI Like Diwali Very Much

Diwali is a ‘Festival of Lights’. Before Diwali, we clean our houses, prepare various kinds of sweets and hang lanterns in our windows. During Diwali we burn crackers, eat sweets and draw rangoli on our doorstep.

Diwali is the festival of Goddess Laxmi. We worship Goddess Laxmi on the day called ‘Laxmi Poojan’ that comes in the period of Diwali. The period of Diwali longs for 4-5 days. The last day of Diwali is called as Bhaubij. On this day, brother gives a gift to his sister.

In short, Diwali is festival of excitement. According to me, this festival should never end but anything that has started should meet its end. But, this festival always ends happily. I like this festival very much.

Siddharth BidwalkarIndia - Land of Festivals

India is a land of Festivals. Many festivals are celebrated here with great pomp and show. Each festival has a religious or mythological significance behind it. Diwali is one of them. It is the festival of lights. It is celebrated for several days. It falls in the month of October or early November.

Diwali is celebrated by Hindus. It marks the victory of Rama over Ravana. It is celebrated in honour of Lord Rama’s return to Ayodhya after Fourteen Years of exile. Before it falls, people clean and whitewash their houses. The toy and picture shops are rearranged. Sweets are brought and distributed. Candles and crackers are sold briskly. It is a festival for shopping. Laxmi pooja is performed. Shop-keepers perform pooja in their shops as well as at home. People greet their relatives and friends with sweets and crackers. Shops are lighted with colourful bulbs and attract huge crowd.

The evening is most interesting part of the day when houses are illuminated with earthen lamps or candles. Children burst crackers. One hears the sound of bursting bombs across the city. Every one looks happy. People worship the goddess the wealth ‘Lakshmi’. They pray for health and wealth. People start their new business from this day.

Diwali is considered the best festival all over India. It is called the festival of lights. It gives a message of love, brotherhood and friendship. The heart of every one should be illuminated with light.

...by Prateek KediaDiwali - A Festival of Lights

Diwali is known as the 'Festival of Lights'. It is a Hindu Festival. Diwali is celebrated to mark the day when Lord Ram came to Ayodhya.

After 14 years of exile. Lord Ram went on an exile because his cruel step-mother, Kaikayi wanted her own son Bharata to become king of Ayodhya. Kaikayi forced King Dasharata to send Rama to forest for 14 years.

To celebrate Diwali we buy new clothes, firecrackers, sweets, etc. We also meet our relatives and friends on Diwali. At dusk we do puja of Goddess Lakshmi. We also give food, clothes, money and other useful things to the poor. Some days before Diwali we burn statues of evil King Ravana. This is because Lord Rama defeated him. Thus, Diwali is a festival which celebrates victory of good over evil.

What I do on Diwali

On the 9th November it is Diwali. On Diwali I go to the temple to celebrate. I usually have to be a vegetarian, because I go to the Alter and offer different sweets and fruits . One sweet is called "Peira" which is very fruity. We also take bananas, apples and grapes and many other fruits. I dress in Indian clothes. When I go to the temple I sing and play the harmoniam which is an Indian instrument. We light little lamps called dias, and put at least three in each room. This is to invite Mother Lasoni, the Goddess of Light into our house.

...by Privashti SinghLord Mahavira's Nirvana: Diwali

Among the Jain festivals, Diwali is one of the most important one. For on this occasion we celebrate the Nirvana of Lord Mahavira who established the dharma as we follow it.

Lord Mahavira was born as Vardhamana on Chaitra Shukla 13 in the Nata clan at Khattiya-kundapura, near Vaishali. He obtained Kevala Gyana on Vishakha Shukla 10 at the Jambhraka village on the banks of Rijukula river at the age of 42. He initiated his shaashan (Jaina-shashana) on Shravana KrashNa 1 at his first assembly at Rajgrah. After having preached the dharma for 30 years, he attained Nirvana at Pava, at the age of 71 years and 6 and half months.

The day of his Nirvana is is mentioned by many ancient authors. TiloyapaNNatti mentions: kattiya-kiNhe chaudasipachchuse saadiNaamanakkhatte, pavaae Nayariye ekko viresaro siddho.

In Uttara-puraaNa: kraShNa-kaartika-pakshasya chartudashyam nishaatyay, svatiyoge tratiyeaddha-shukladhyaana-parayaNah.

Thus during the krashNa of kartika month, during the svati nakshatra, on the night of the 14th (dawn of the amavasya), lord Mahavira became a Siddha.

Titthogali Painnaya gives the following gatha:
pancha ya maasaa pancha ya vaasa chhachcheva honti vaasasayaa |
pariNivvuassa-arihito to uppanno sago raya ||

The first line of it was quoted in Dhavalaa by Virasenacharya. Thus the NirvaaNa of the lord occurred 605 years and 5 months before the Shaka king.

Kalpasutra mentions that the King Chetaka of Vaishali with several confederate kings, had a great lightning of lights, since they said: ``since the light of intelligence (Vardhamana Mahavira) is gone, let us make an illumination of the material matter'' The oldest use of the word "Diwali/Dipavali" occurs in "Harivamsha-Purana" written by Acharya Jinasena, composed in Shaka Samvat 705.

tatastuh lokah prativarsham-aadarat
prasiddha-deepalikaya-aatra bharate |
samudyatah poojayitum jineshvaram
jinendra-nirvana vibhuti-bhaktibhak ||

Thus people in Bharata every year celebrate famous "Dipalikaya", to reverently worship the Jinendra on the occasion of his nirvana.

Diwali is not mentioned in Valmiki's Ramayana, Mahabharata, brahmanical Puranas or in Tulsidas's Ram-charit-manas. The Vira-Nirvana era originated on Oct. 15, 527 BCE. In 1997 the Vira-Nirvana Year 2524 will begin on Diwali. The Vikrama Samvat in Gujarat starts from Diwali.

...by Yashwant K. MalaiyaDIWALI-The unique festival of lights

Diwali or 'Deepawali',as it is known as,is the festival of lights.It is celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm and joy. The celebration of Diwali finds its roots in the Hindu religion. On this day Lord Ram had returned to his kingdom Ayodhya after demolishing the demon Ravan. The people enlightened the whole city with diyas to welcome Lord Ram. It is thus a festival to mark the victory of good over the evil. Diwali falls on Amavasya that is a 'no moon night' and people enlighthen their houses to conquer the darkness. It is a five day festival.

The first day is called Dhanteras - On this day people buy new utensils or anything in gold or silver.
The second day is Choti Deepawali - On this day diyas are kept at any dark corner of the house to symbolize that no evil can enter the house in the lights.
The third day is Deepawali - People decorate their homes with diyas,candles and decorative bulbs and lights. Laxmi Ganesh Pooja is performed and then people light up crackers and enjoy themselves.Sweets and rich food is also prepared at home to celebrate the festival.
The fourth day is Govardhan pooja on which the Govardhan pooja is performed to celebrate the great deed of Lord Krishna who lifted 'Govardhan Parbat' on a single finger and gave protection to the people from the heavy rains.
And the last day is Bhai dooj on which sisters put 'roli teeka' on their brother's forehead and pray for their well being.
Deepawali is thus a unique light festival filled with joys and happiness!

...by Swastika Shrivastava

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